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back pain red flags

Back Pain Red Flags

Back pain is a common complaint with approximately 85% of the population experiencing back pain at some point in their lives.



What is Kyphosis?

foraminal stenosis

Spinal Foraminal Stenosis

Stenosis describes an abnormal narrowing of a passage or opening in the body and the foramen refers to an opening or hole (usually a bone) which allow blood vessels and nerve roots to pass through it...



Defined as excessive curvature of the spine, which typical

osteophytes bone spurs

Osteophytes (Bone Spurs)

Osteophytes are bony outgrowths which develop on the edge of normal bone and are more often than not, attributed to the ageing process.  They are more colloquially referred to as bone spurs, although...



A form of Spondylolisthesis, Anterolisthesis is essentially a misalignment of the spinal vertebrae, referring to the anterior displacement (forward slip) of the vertebral body in the spinal column.

lumbago and living with back pain

Lumbago - Living With Lower Back Pain

Lumbago is the generic term used to describe pain the lumbar region of the back, it can range from mild to severe and affecting both younger and older adults.

cervicogenic headaches

Cervicogenic Headaches

A frequently misdiagnosed condition, cervicogenic headache (CH) is a secondary headache provoked by a disorder of the cervical spine, causing referred symptoms of pain which are perceived as a head

sacroiliac joint pain

Sacroiliac Joint Pain

The sacroiliac (SI) joint has an important function, transferring the weight of the upper body from the spine to the lower body.  It connects the spine to the pelvis by joining the sacrum to the il

traumatic scar pain

Traumatic Scar Tissue

Scar tissue is composed of dense fibres, mainly collagen.


Nerve Pain

nerve pain

Back Pain

back pain


pain treatment